Food Safety

Reusable shopping bags: proceed with caution

November 16, 2011
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When did you last clean your reusable bag? Photo: W. Labs

While convenient and certainly green in terms of bag disposal, the reusable grocery bag can prove very dangerous if not cleaned properly after use

Most consumers never wash their reusable shopping bags between uses, permitting bacteria to grow, according to a study from the International Association for Food Protection’s Food Protection Trends. The peer-reviewed study, completed by University of Arizona Microbiologist Dr. Charles Gerba, found large numbers of bacteria were found in almost all bags and coliform bacteria were found in half of those tested. Eight percent of bags contained E. coli.

The study tested 87 reusable bags obtained at random from grocery shoppers in California and Arizona during the early summer of 2010. Each bag was swabbed for bacteria and laboratory tested.

“I was surprised to learn through this study that only 3 percent of shoppers surveyed actually said they washed their reusable bags between uses,” says Gerba. “More surprising were the numbers of people who stated they used the bags not only for food shopping, but also to transport clothing and other products to and from work and the gym.

“There has been a growing movement to use reusable bags when we shop, but without proper washing, these bags can expose our families to bacteria that can cause illness,” adds Gerba.

Reusable bags are particularly susceptible to contamination since remnants of meats and dairy products which may seep out of packaging remain in bags unless washed out, resulting in bacterial growth. Once subjected to the heat of a car trunk, these bacteria quickly multiply.

“Washing bags is the only way to protect your family. It will remove 99.9 percent of germs. Although it may be a nuisance, washing must be done to ensure your food is safe to eat,” adds Gerba. “I’d recommend washing it with hot, soapy water after each use.

“If you choose to use a reusable bag for grocery shopping, it’s important to keep your meats in separate plastic bags, use separate reusable bags for food items, and wash them between uses,” concludes Gerba.

An abstract of the study, Assessment of the Potential for Cross-contamination of Food Products by Reusable Shopping Bags, can be found on the International Association for Food Production website.

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