Manufacturing News / Food Safety
TECH FLASH

Food defense: Be prepared for intentional criminal acts

Locked out-180
Locking bad people out at the perimeters will not prevent a criminal act committed from within.    Photo: W. Labs

“Who are you going to call? Who’s on your to-call list?” These questions were asked at Food Safety Summit’s April 17th afternoon presentation, Interactive Defense Workshop with Government and Industry Representatives. Led by Jason P. Bashura, general health scientist with FDA’s Food Defense Oversight Team, it was obvious from audience participation much work has yet to be done to prepare for a potential crime involving the poisoning of food—whether it’s an act of terrorism originating from outside the fences and walls of the processing facility or an internal act, such as that of a disgruntled employee.

When it comes to a foodborne illness recall, most processors have a plan. But with a willful act of food contamination, the situation must be handled with a different set of parameters. Bashura posed a hypothetical situation—a case where an ingredient is contaminated with cyanide. Would a processor be ready to shut down its operation? Would the processor be ready to pull the product off the shelves? Who will make these decisions and how? What trade association can help with such an attack? “I’m not talking about decisions that need to be made next week, I’m talking about decisions that have to be made in two to three hours,” said Bashura. “Gates, guns, guards and dogs—if you will—only provide a layer [of protection].” Optics (video cameras) and vigilance can add an extra layer of protection.

What makes food defense so much more problematic than foodborne illness is that no motives are involved in a straightforward, accidental Salmonella or E. coli contamination. But with a willful contamination of food, the criminal mind can add dimensions that step up the complexity of the case, which can only be solved with the involvement of crime experts, several laboratories with varied capabilities and the list goes on. Media involvement may also compound the complexity of the case.

Bashura asked the audience if anyone was aware of the free tools available on government websites to help processors with a food defense strategy and system. Judging from the show of hands, less than 5 percent of the audience seemed to know these tools exist.

Based on one of these tools (FDA’s Free-B), Bashura walked the audience through a scenario and elicited responses on the steps that should be taken when an event occurs. In the scenario, participants at a beer-and-burger party—as well as other people who ate local fast-food burgers—had rapid heartbeats and were taken to a hospital emergency room.  The audience thought a bacterium was the cause, until they were told about the toxicology reports. Track-and-trace issues came into play, along with contacting local authorities, FBI, CDC, FDA and USDA. A review of the plant video actually showed a disgruntled employee putting something (it turned out to be ephedrine) into the meat when no one else was present, save for a CCTV camera. The point of the exercise was to show that, in most cases, processors are not prepared for such an eventuality. But there is help available. Bashura listed some examples for processors to consider:

FDA Food Defense & Emergency Response

Food Related Emergency Exercise Bundle (FREE-B)

Public Health Emergency Preparedness and Response (Centers for Disease Control)

Office of Homeland Security and Emergency Coordination (USDA)

Food Defense & Emergency Response (FSIS, USDA)

Homeland Security: Food and Agriculture (EPA)

Department of Homeland Security

 

FE articles on food defense:

National security at the dinner table: Changes aim to align national security with food safety (PDF only)

Plant Security: Thwarting the Intent to Harm

Plant Security: Access Granted

Tighter food defense requirements seen by security expert

Food defense needs shoring up

Did you enjoy this article? Click here to subscribe to Food Engineering Magazine.

Recent Articles by Wayne Labs, Senior Technical Editor

You must login or register in order to post a comment.

Multimedia

Videos

Image Galleries

Food Engineering's Food Automation & Manufacturing Conference and Expo 2015

Images from Food Engineering's Food Automation & Manufacturing Conference and Expo in Clearwater Beach, Florida, April 12-15, 2015. The event brought food and beverage processors and suppliers together to gain valuable information on the latest trends and technologies in manufacturing, automation, sustainability and food safety.

Podcasts

Burns & McDonnell project manager RJ Hope and senior project engineer Justin Hamilton discuss the distinctions between Food Safety and Food Defense as well as the implications for food manufacturers of the Food Safety Modernization Act.
More Podcasts

Food Engineering

Food Engineering May 2015 Cover

2015 May

The May 2015 issue of Food Engineering explores effective tools for hitting manufacturing targets. Also, read how processors are looking for faster ways to detect harmful pathogens in food and beverages without sacrificing accuracy or reliability.

Table Of Contents Subscribe

Plant Facility/Site Issues

What issue about your current plant facility/site keeps you up the most at night?
View Results Poll Archive

THE FOOD ENGINEERING STORE

Food-Authentication-Flyer-(.gif
Food Authentication Using Bioorganic Molecules

This text provides critical tools and data needed to augment routine food analysis and enhance food safety by aiding in the detection of counterfeit, and potentially deleterious, foods.

More Products

Clear Seas Research

Clear Seas ResearchWith access to over one million professionals and more than 60 industry-specific publications,Clear Seas Research offers relevant insights from those who know your industry best. Let us customize a market research solution that exceeds your marketing goals.

STAY CONNECTED

FE recent tweets

facebook_40.pngtwitter_40px.pngyoutube_40px.png linkedin_40px.pngGoogle +

Food Master

Food Engineering Food Master 2015Food Master 2015 is now available!

Where the buying process begins in the food and beverage manufacturing market. 

Visit www.foodmaster.com to learn more.